Zooarchaeology of the social and economic upheavals in the Late Antique-Early Islamic sequence of the Negev Desert

Nimrod Marom, Meirav Meiri, Yotam Tepper, Tali Erickson-Gini, Hagar Reshef, Lior Weissbrod, Guy Bar-Oz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Byzantine – Islamic transition (7 th –8 th centuries CE) in the desert-edge Palaestina Tertia is examined using faunal remains recovered from archaeological sites in the Negev. Archaeozoological analyses suggest sharp differences between Late Byzantine and Early Islamic animal economies, especially in herding patterns and the exploitation of wildlife resources. These differences are suggested to reflect both cultural and land ownership changes following the Arab conquest, against the backdrop of climatic change. The archaeozoological record thereby provides independent evidence to the rise and fall of societal complexity in this marginal region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6702
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019

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