|Title of host publication
|The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
|Published - 2013
Abstract Zionism, the movement for the national renaissance and political independence of the Jewish People in the Land of Israel (Eretz Yisrael/Palestine), brought together two major migratory dynamics taking place in different regions of the world in the wake of the 20th century, Europe and the Middle East, fatefully linking them till the present. The history of Zionism, both as a political project based on aliyah (literally “ascent,” Jewish immigration) and settlement in the Jew's historical homeland, and a co-protagonist in the Palestinian–Israeli national struggle over the land, bears evidence to the fact that migrations are more than the simple outcome of individuals in search of better opportunities or their random movement in space. Rather, they lie at the intersection of complex processes that make the bulk of the history of human migration.