Yield of head CT for acute findings in patients presenting to the emergency department

Dafna Nesselroth, Eyal Klang, Shelly Soffer*, Evgeni Druskin, Yiftah Barash, Chen Hoffmann, Eli Konen, Eyal Zimlichman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of our study was to evaluate the yield of head CT in the ED in different age groups and different referral indications. Patients and methods: Records of one large academic tertiary care ED were retrospectively reviewed for consecutive adult patients who underwent a head CT between January 1st 2017 and February 10th 2017. CT referral forms and interpretations were obtained and evaluated for demographics, referral indications, and findings. Scans were divided into three groups: acute findings, chronic findings, and normal. The cohort was divided into three age groups. Associations between referral indications and acute findings were calculated. Results: Overall, 1536 of adult patients with ED head CT were included. Acute findings were found in 239/1536 (15.5%) of the CTs. The frequency of acute findings increased with age (p = 0.027). The most common acute findings were brain hemorrhage (32.6%), infarct (27.6%), and mass (23%). The top three referral indications were focal neurologic deficit (28%), trauma (24.7%), and headache (17.5%). The rates of positive acute findings for different referral indications were seizure 27%, confusion 20%, syncope 19%, focal neurologic deficit 16%, head injury 15%, headache 12%, and dizziness 8%. Conclusion: This study shows the yield of ED head CT for acute findings for different age groups and for different referral indications. The frequency of acute findings increased with age. Suspected seizure had the highest association with an acute finding, whereas dizziness had the lowest association.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Imaging
Volume73
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Age groups
  • Emergency departments
  • Referral and consultation
  • Spiral computed tomography

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