X-linked elliptocytosis with impaired growth is related to mutated AMMECR1

Lina Basel-Vanagaite, Nir Pillar, Ofer Isakov, Pola Smirin-Yosef, Irina Lagovsky, Naama Orenstein, Mali Salmon-Divon, Hannah Tamary, Tami Zaft, Lily Bazak, Joseph Meyerovitch, Tal Pelli, Shay Botchan, Luba Farberov, Daphna Weissglas-Volkov, Noam Shomron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, we report a family with X-linked recessive syndrome caused by mutated AMMECR1 and characterized by elliptocytosis with or without anemia, midface hypoplasia, proportionate short stature and hearing loss. Recently, mutations in AMMECR1 were reported in two maternal half-brothers, presenting with nephrocalcinosis, midface hypoplasia and, in one of the siblings, deafness and elliptocytosis. AMMECR1 gene is localized in the critical region of contiguous deletion syndrome on Xq22.3 implicated in Alport syndrome, mental retardation, midface hypoplasia, and elliptocytosis (AMME complex). Interestingly, alternative splicing of exon 2, the same exon harboring the truncating mutation, was observed in the proband and in his unaffected mother. Alternative splicing of this exon is predicted to lead to an in-frame deletion. We provide further evidence that mutated AMMECR1 gene is responsible for this clinically recognizable X-linked condition with variable expressivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-52
Number of pages6
JournalGene
Volume606
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • AMMECR1 gene
  • Elliptocytosis
  • Genomics
  • X-linked

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