Wrist arthroscopy is a constantly evolving procedure. Allowing direct visualization and dynamic testing of intra-articular structures led to a novel approach toward traumatic and degenerative lesions based on most of the classifications routinely used in wrist surgery. The development of specific instrumentation, combined with a novel understanding of the local anatomy, progressively allowed wrist surgeons to describe more ambitious and complex surgeries. Wrist arthroscopy has become an increasingly useful tool in hand and wrist surgeons panoply and seems promised to have further development in the future. This paper discusses the surgical technique and the various pathologies that can be treated by arthroscopy of the wrist.