World assumptions and combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder

Rachel Dekel, Zahava Solomon, Ask Elklit, Karni Ginzburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The authors examined the association between (a) personal world assumptions and (b) combat stress reactions (CSRs), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and PTSD's course among three groups of Israeli veterans: 109 veterans who suffered from CSR on the battlefield, 98 decorated veterans, and 189 control participants. Participants completed standardized questionnaires that measured PTSD and world assumption. Both CSR and chronic PTSD were associated with lower levels of self-worth and beliefs about the benevolence of people. In addition, the authors found a linear association between self-worth perceptions and levels of mental status. The authors examined the results of the study considering the extraordinary characteristics and meaning of war.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-420
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Social Psychology
Volume144
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2004

Keywords

  • Combat stress reaction (csr)
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder (ptsd)
  • World assumptions

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