Work Engagement: Toward a General Theoretical Enriching Model

Liat Eldor*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article proposes a theoretical model linking the relatively new concept of work engagement to three major domains of employees’ lives—work, personal life, and community—and demonstrates the added value of engagement to each of these domains, above and beyond other well-known concepts in the employee–organization relationship. We propose that promoting work engagement among employees provides organizations with a competitive advantage. Moreover, we maintain that work engagement also creates added value beyond the boundaries of the workplace and has the potential to enrich other major areas in an employee’s life. When compared with similar work-related attitudes such as job involvement and job satisfaction, the work engagement concept also provides added value to organizations, their employees, and their community beyond these similar concepts. This article addresses the paucity of structured literature on the multiple facets and added value of work engagement within organizations and beyond, and presents a comprehensive, holistic model for improving engagement in work that human resource development practitioners can implement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-339
Number of pages23
JournalHuman Resource Development Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • community involvement
  • competitive advantage
  • positive spillover
  • satisfaction with life
  • work engagement
  • work-life enrichment


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