Work- and family-role adjustment of different types of global professionals: Scale development and validation

Margaret A. Shaffer, B. Sebastian Reiche, Mihaela Dimitrova*, Mila Lazarova, Shoshi Chen, Mina Westman, Olivier Wurtz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Although the original model of expatriate adjustment proposed by Black and colleagues has received substantial empirical support, it has come under increased academic scrutiny, due to both the conceptual overlap among its dimensions and its limited applicability for global professionals who interact with individuals from diverse cultures. Drawing on role theory, we conceptualize and develop a multidimensional scale of the work- and family-role adjustment of global professionals. We assess this scale through five interlocking studies using data from a total of 1231 corporate and self-initiated expatriates, international business travelers, and global domestics. After confirming the scale's dimensionality, we provide evidence for convergent, discriminant, nomological, and predictive validity. We also demonstrate differences in levels of adjustment and in relationships between work and family demands and resources and their respective forms of adjustment across various types of global professionals. We contribute to international business research, and the organizational behavior and work-family literatures, by offering a theoretically based scale that assesses adjustment to both work and family roles for a wide range of global employees. Our scale further lends itself as a diagnostic tool during the selection, training, and support of global professionals and their families.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-139
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2016


  • adjustment
  • construct development and evaluation
  • demands and resources
  • global professionals
  • role theory
  • work and family roles


Dive into the research topics of 'Work- and family-role adjustment of different types of global professionals: Scale development and validation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this