The chapter addresses the causes of fighting among hunter-gatherers, whose way of life represents 99.5% of the history of the genus Homo and about 90% of that of Homo sapiens sapiens. Based on anthropological observations on the behavior of extant and recently extinct hunter-gatherer societies, compared with animal behavior, the chapter begins with somatic and reproductive causes. It proceeds to demonstrate that other motives, such as dominance, revenge, the security dilemma, and pugnacity, originally arose from the somatic and reproductive competition. Rather than being separate, all motives come together in an integrated motivational complex, shaped by the logic of evolution and natural selection.
|Title of host publication||Mind the Gap|
|Subtitle of host publication||Tracing the Origins of Human Universals|
|Publisher||Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg|
|Number of pages||24|
|State||Published - 2010|