Who is prone to react to coinciding threats of terrorism and war? Exploring vulnerability through global versus differential reactivity

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Abstract

This study addressed reactions of Israelis to terrorism and the confrontation with Iraq when these threats coincided in 2003. A sample of 471 participants (age range 19-88) rated affective, cognitive, and behavioral reactions to each threat. Stronger reactions related to higher neuroticism, lower education, and being a woman; reactions to the confrontation with Iraq also related to lower extraversion and being a Holocaust survivor. Participants reacting predominantly to terrorism revealed higher conscientiousness and better subjective health. The study suggests that global reactivity to a critical dual-stressor situation is linked with risk factors of vulnerability whereas differential reactivity may indicate adaptability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-46
Number of pages12
JournalCommunity Mental Health Journal
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Israel
  • Mental health
  • Stress reactions
  • Terrorism
  • War

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