Who benefits from the uniformity of contingent fee rates?

Eyal Zamir, Barak Medina, Uzi Segal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Lawyers' contingent fee (CF) rates are rather uniform, often one-third of the recovery. Arguably, this uniformity is a type of anti-competitive pricefixing, which results in clients paying supra-competitive fees. This paper challenges this argument. It shows that uniform CF rates provide clients with an important advantage, as such rates enable them to make a de facto "take-it-orleave-it" offer. Consequently, lawyers cannot exploit their private information, and clients retain the transaction's entire surplus and may hire the best lawyer among those who find it profitable to handle the case. The paper also addresses the effect of uniformity of CF rates when lawyers refer cases to other lawyers. It shows that uniformity facilitates matching of clients and lawyers through the referral system. It also demonstrates that the fact that both direct clients and those obtained through paid-for referrals pay the same CF rate does not attest to cross-subsidization. The clients whose cases are transferred for a referral fee (paid by the handling lawyer) "pay" for the referral service by obtaining a less highly ranked lawyer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-387
Number of pages31
JournalReview of Law and Economics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Contingent fee
  • Lawyers
  • Uniform prices


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