Which women develop urgency or urgency urinary incontinence following midurethral slings?

Joseph K.S. Lee*, Peter L. Dwyer, Anna Rosamilia, Yik N. Lim, Alexander Polyakov, Kobi Stav

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis: De novo urgency has a negative impact on women after midurethral sling (MUS). We aimed to identify risk factors for de novo urgency (dU) and urgency urinary incontinence (dUUI) following MUS, using multivariate analysis. Methods: We investigated 358 consecutive women with only stress urinary incontinence (SUI) [or urodynamic stress incontinence (USI)] and 598 women with both SUI (or USI) and urgency (but not UUI) who underwent MUS with a mean follow-up of 50 months. Women who developed dU or dUUI at long-term follow-up were compared to those who did not. Results: dU occurred in 27.7 % (99/358) and dUUI occurred in 13.7 % (82/598) of women at long-term follow-up after midurethral sling. Intrinsic sphincter deficiency {odds ratio (OR) dU 3.94 [95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.50-10.38]; OR dUUI 2.5 (1.31-4.80)}, previous stress incontinence surgery [sling: OR dU 3.69 (1.45-9.37); colposuspension: OR dUUI 2.5 (1.23-5.07)], previous prolapse surgery [OR dU 2.45 (1.18-5.10)], preexisting detrusor overactivity [OR dU 1.99 (1.15-3.48); OR dUUI 1.85 (1.31-2.60)] increased the risk, whereas performing concomitant apical prolapse surgery [OR dU 0.5 (0.41-0.81); OR dUUI 0.29 (0.087-0.97)] significantly decreased the risk. Women are more likely to not recommend surgery when they experienced dU (18.2 vs 0.8 %, p < 0.0001) or dUUI (20.7 vs 2.1 %, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Urodynamic parameters, history of prior incontinence or prolapse surgery and concomitant apical prolapse operation were important predictors of dU or dUUI following MUS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-54
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • De novo urgency
  • Midurethral slings
  • Overactive bladder symptoms
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Urodynamic studies

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