Where Next for Microbiome Research?

Matthew K. Waldor*, Gene Tyson, Elhanan Borenstein, Howard Ochman, Andrew Moeller, B. Brett Finlay, Heidi H. Kong, Jeffrey I. Gordon, Karen E. Nelson, Karim Dabbagh, Hamilton Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The development of high-throughput sequencing technologies has transformed our capacity to investigate the composition and dynamics of the microbial communities that populate diverse habitats. Over the past decade, these advances have yielded an avalanche of metagenomic data. The current stage of “van Leeuwenhoek”–like cataloguing, as well as functional analyses, will likely accelerate as DNA and RNA sequencing, plus protein and metabolic profiling capacities and computational tools, continue to improve. However, it is time to consider: what’s next for microbiome research? The short pieces included here briefly consider the challenges and opportunities awaiting microbiome research.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPLoS Biology
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Funding

FundersFunder number
National Institutes of Health
National Center for Complementary and Integrative HealthDP2AT007802

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