When the party continues: Impulsivity and the effect of employment on young adults' post-college alcohol use

I. M. Geisner, J. Koopmann, P. Bamberger, M. Wang, M. E. Larimer, I. Nahum-Shani, S. Bacharach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background The transition from college to work is both an exciting and potentially high risk time for young adults. As students transition from academic settings to full-time employment, they must navigate new social demands, work demands, and adjust their drinking behaviors accordingly. Research has shown that there are both protective factors and risk factors associated with starting a new job when it comes to alcohol use, and individual differences can moderate these factors. Method 1361 students were recruited from 4 geographically diverse universities and followed 1 month pre- and 1 month post-graduation. Drinking frequency, quantity, consequences, and impulsivity were assessed. Results Full-time employment was related to increased drinking quantity but not related to changes in other drinking outcomes. However, impulsivity moderated the relationship between employment and drinking. For those reporting higher levels of impulsivity at baseline, full-time employment was associated with an increase in drinking variables (quantity and frequency), whereas drinking was unaffected by full-time employment status among those reporting lower levels of impulsivity. Implications for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-120
Number of pages7
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume77
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Alcohol use
  • College-to-work transition
  • Full-time employment
  • Impulsivity

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