When and how do high status group members offer help: Effects of social dominance orientation and status threat

Samer Halabi, John F. Dovidio, Arie Nadler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present study explored the implications of an intergroup perspective on individual difference and situational influences on helping, specifically, outgroup members. In particular, we examined the effects of social dominance orientation (SDO) and group status threat on the amount and kind of help offered by Jewish participants (n = 99) to Arab and Jewish students. Dependent measures were the likelihood of helping outgroup and ingroup members across various situations of need and, when help is given, the likelihood that it would be dependency-oriented rather than autonomy-oriented assistance. As expected, higher SDO individuals offered less help to outgroup (Arab) students, particularly when they experienced threat to group status, but not to ingroup members. In addition, higher SDO participants, when they did report that they would help, were more likely to offer dependency-oriented help to outgroup than to ingroup members. The theoretical and applied implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)841-858
Number of pages18
JournalPolitical Psychology
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

Keywords

  • Dependency/autonomy-oriented help
  • Group status
  • Help offering
  • Social dominance theory
  • Threat to status

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