What will the future bring? Thoughts of children after missile bombardment

Joseph Schwarzwald*, Matisyohu Weisenberg, Zahava Solomon, Mark Waysman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We examined how cognitive views of the future relate to degree of exposure to trauma and to posttraumatic stress reactions in children. Following the experience of Scud missile bombardment during the Persian Gulf war, 492 Israeli pupils from grades 5, 7, and 10 from regions actually hit and from regions under threat but not hit, described what they thought life would be like next year for children of their age. Based on recent cognitive theories, it was expected that children who experienced higher levels of stress would also express more pessimistic views of the future. We found that children's dominant perception of the future was positive. However, children who expressed stronger postwar reactions also tended to have more pessimistic future views, especially in areas that were hit by missiles. Discussion focused upon views of the future as a direct consequence of the stress as well as a means of coping with stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-267
Number of pages11
JournalAnxiety, Stress and Coping
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


FundersFunder number
Israel Ministry of Education


    • Children's trauma
    • Future
    • PTSD
    • Resiliance
    • War


    Dive into the research topics of 'What will the future bring? Thoughts of children after missile bombardment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this