What kind of citizenship for whom? The ‘refugee crisis’ and the European Union’s conceptions of citizenship

Yuval Dvir, Paul Morris, Miri Yemini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The European Union (EU) plays a dominant role in coordinating the responses to the massive inflow of refugee-migrants into Europe; consequently, the conceptions of citizenship and future integration which are embedded in its policies are significant. We explore and analyse the key EU education policy documents that refer to immigrants to identify the forms of citizenship attributed to various types of incomers by the EU. Our analysis demonstrates that the EU’s conception of refugee-migrants is more closely affiliated with the notion of ‘Global citizens’ rather than with that of ‘European citizens’. Furthermore, we suggest that the EU distinguishes and navigates between various migratory flows, namely internal-European, desired external-European and undesired external-European (refugee-migrants), each associated with a distinctive conception of citizenship as well as with related policy discourses. In the light of the migratory flows into Europe, the particularistic conceptions of citizenship shaping the EU’s educational policy carry considerable implications for the future integration of refugee-migrants in Europe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-219
Number of pages12
JournalGlobalisation, Societies and Education
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2019


  • EU
  • discourse analysis
  • global citizenship
  • humanitarian crisis
  • refugees


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