West Nile Encephalitis Mimicking Herpes Encephalitis

Ayelet Rimon, Rachel Straussberg, Jacob Amir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A male with a febrile illness, altered consciousness, and seizures was diagnosed with meningoencephalitis. The suspected etiology was herpes simplex virus on the basis of a focal seizure at presentation, and he was treated with acyclovir until this pathogen was excluded. The patient made a complete recovery. Because of a West Nile fever epidemic in Israel at the time, serology tests for West Nile virus were performed; results were positive. This case highlights the diagnostic problems in West Nile fever. The literature is discussed in brief.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-64
Number of pages3
JournalPediatric Neurology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes


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