Were the Vikings the first HR executives?

Aviad Meitar, Ravit Cohen-Meitar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The article relates the laws for Viking warrior conduct and in managing a business. The rule "Be a good merchant" covers two significant aspects of a business venture: knowing one's market and keeping the promises one makes to customers. Another Viking law looks into how businesses must plan to meet their goals and respond to the markets' needs. The law "Be brave and aggressive" concerns the need to be determined and persistent to get the job done.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalEmployment relations today
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2010


  • Industrial management
  • Business enterprises
  • Attitudes of businessmen
  • Vikings
  • Persistence (Personality trait)
  • Determination (Personality trait)

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