WC-Co coatings deposited by the electro-thermal chemical spray method

V. N. Zhitomirsky*, S. Wald, M. Factor, L. Rabani, D. Zoler, S. Cuperman, C. Bruma, I. Roman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


A novel thermal spray technology - an electro-thermal chemical spray (ETCS) for producing hard coatings is presented. The experimental coating apparatus consists of a machine gun barrel, a cartridge containing the coating material in powder form, a solid propellant, and a plasma ignition system. The plasma ignition system produces plasma in pulsed mode to ignite the solid propellant. On ignition, the drag force exerted by the combustion gases accelerates the powder particles towards the substrate. Using the ETCS technique, the process of single-shot WC-Co coating deposition on stainless steel substrate was studied. The influence of process parameters (plasma energy, mass of the solid propellant and the coated powder, distance between the gun muzzle and the substrate) on the coating structure and some of its properties were investigated. It was shown that ECTS technique effectively deposited the WC-Co coating with deposition thicknesses of 100-200 μm per shot, while deposition yield of ~70% was attained. The WC-Co coatings consisted of carbide particles distributed in amorphous matrix. The powder particle velocity was found to depend on the solid propellant mass and was weakly dependent on the plasma energy, while the particle processing temperature was strongly dependent on the plasma energy and almost independent of the solid propellant mass. Whilst increasing the solid propellant mass from 5 to 7 g, the deposition rate and yield correspondingly increased. When increasing the plasma energy, the temperature of the powder particles increased, the average carbide particle size decreased and their shape became more rounded. The deposition yield and microhardness at first increased and then achieved saturation by increasing the plasma energy. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-88
Number of pages9
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 2000


FundersFunder number
Israel Ministry of Science


    • Chemical spray method
    • Plasma
    • WC-Co coatings


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