Way of life as a determinant of physical fitness

Y. Epstein*, G. Keren, R. Udassin, Y. Shapiro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Four hundred and five urbanites and 302 communal agricultural settlement (Kibbutz) members participated in a study which examined their physical fitness. The subjects were divided into three subgroups according to age: 18-21 years, 22-30 years, and 31-40 years. No differences were found among the two populations in all three subgroups as concerns anthropometric data. In the youngest age group no differences in resting heart rate and {Mathematical expression}O2 max between urbanites and kibbutz dwellers were found. For those aged over 21 years the {Mathematical expression}O2 max (40.8±10.0 ml O2/kg body weight/min for those aged 22-30 years and 38.7±9.7 ml O2/kg body weight/min for those aged 31-40 years) was significantly higher (p<0.001) than that of the urbanites (35.6±7.0 for age 22-30 and 33.1±8.0 ml O2/kg body weight/min for age 31-40 years). The results confirm the notion that physical fitness is a good profile of habitual activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 1981


  • Habitual activity
  • Physical fitness
  • {Mathematical expression}O max


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