Waterfall and sprinkler new-product strategies in competitive global markets

Shlomo Kalish, Vijay Mahajan, Eitan Muller*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


How should a multinational firm introduce a new product into its global markets? Should it first attack and conquer the domestic market before moving into overseas markets or should it plan for a global attack by launching the product in all its global markets simultaneously? Using innovation diffusion models in a monopoly and a competitive game theory framework, this paper analytically examines waterfall (where the markets are entered sequentially) and sprinkler (where markets are entered simultaneously) strategies. Optimal conditions for the implementation of these two strategies are derived. The results generally suggest that the current nature of global competition requires a multinational firm to follow the sprinkler strategy in introducing a new product to its global markets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-119
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Research in Marketing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 1995


  • Global markets
  • Marketing strategy
  • New products


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