Water desalination with concentrating photovoltaic/thermal (CPVT) systems

Gur Mittelman, Abraham Kribus*, Ornit Mouchtar, Abraham Dayan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations

Abstract

A coupled system is proposed, comprised of a concentrating photovoltaic/thermal collector field and a multi-effect evaporation desalination plant. The combined system produces solar electricity and simultaneously exploits the waste heat of the photovoltaic cells to desalinate water. A detailed simulation was performed to compute the annual production of electricity and water. The cost of desalinated water was estimated and compared to that of alternative conventional and solar desalination plants. Several economic scenarios were analyzed. The results indicate that the proposed coupled plant can have a significant advantage relative to other solar desalination approaches. In some cases, CPVT desalination is even more cost-effective than conventional desalination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1322-1334
Number of pages13
JournalSolar Energy
Volume83
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2009

Keywords

  • CPV
  • Cogeneration
  • Concentrating photovoltaics
  • Desalination
  • Multi-effect evaporation
  • Polygeneration

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