Warfarin therapy is feasible in CYP2C9*3 homozygous patients

Jacob Ablin, Shaltiel Cabili, Amiram Eldor, Ayala Lagziel, Hava Peretz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Patients carrying variant CYP2C9 alleles are prone to bleeding complications under standard warfarin treatment. Our aim was to test the feasibility of warfarin therapy in patients with severe, inherited CYP2C9 deficiency. Methods: CYP2C9 genotypes and clinical characteristics were compared retrospectively in patients who maintain stable anticoagulation on low or regular doses of warfarin. Results: In the low-dose (10.5±2.9 mg/week) group (N=16), we identified six (37.6%) patients with severe CYP2C9 deficiency and three each with*2/*3 and*3/*3 genotypes as compared to none in the standard dose (39.2±17.9 mg/week) group (N=17). Warfarin dose (mg/week) was correlated with genotype in all patients as follows:*1/*1 (N=14) dose=33.6±19.4;*1/*2 (N=9) dose=30.4±21.6;*1/*3 (N=4) dose=15.3±10.7;*2/ *3 (N=3) dose=10.6±3.6;*3/*3 (N=3) dose=7.3±3.1. Age and frequency of concurrent warfarin potentiating medication administration were higher in the low-dose group than in the standard dose group of patients. Conclusions: Warfarin treatment is feasible in individuals with severe, inherited CYP2C9 deficiency. Dose requirement was correlated with CYP2C9 genotype and possibly affected by age and concurrent intake of interfering drugs. Prospective studies are needed to test the feasibility and cost effectiveness of using algorithms based on these parameters for adjusting initial warfarin dose to meet individual needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-27
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004

Keywords

  • CYP2C9 polymorphism
  • Medication errors
  • Metabolic clearance rate
  • Pharmacogenetics

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