War-induced psychic trauma: An 18-year follow-up of Israeli veterans

Z. Solomon*, M. Kleinhauz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Eighteen years after their participation in the Yom Kippur War, the psychiatric status of two groups of Israeli veterans-112 combat stress reaction casualties and 189 comparable controls-was assessed. Casualties had higher rates and greater intensity of posttraumatic stress disorder than did controls, both initially and at 18-year follow-up. Similarly, intrusion and avoidance tendencies and psychiatric symptomatology were evidenced more often by combat stress reaction casualties than by controls. Clinical implications of the findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-160
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1996


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