W-band orientation selective DEER measurements on a Gd3+/ nitroxide mixed-labeled protein dimer with a dual mode cavity

Ilia Kaminker, Igor Tkach, Nurit Manukovsky, Thomas Huber, Hiromasa Yagi, Gottfried Otting, Marina Bennati, Daniella Goldfarb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Double electron-electron resonance (DEER) at W-band (95 GHz) was applied to measure the distance between a pair of nitroxide and Gd3+ chelate spin labels, about 6 nm apart, in a homodimer of the protein ERp29. While high-field DEER measurements on systems with such mixed labels can be highly attractive in terms of sensitivity and the potential to access long distances, a major difficulty arises from the large frequency spacing (about 700 MHz) between the narrow, intense signal of the Gd3+ central transition and the nitroxide signal. This is particularly problematic when using standard single-mode cavities. Here we show that a novel dual-mode cavity that matches this large frequency separation dramatically increases the sensitivity of DEER measurements, allowing evolution times as long as 12 μs in a protein. This opens the possibility of accessing distances of 8 nm and longer. In addition, orientation selection can be resolved and analyzed, thus providing additional structural information. In the case of W-band DEER on a Gd3+- nitroxide pair, only two angles and their distributions have to be determined, which is a much simpler problem to solve than the five angles and their distributions associated with two nitroxide spin labels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-71
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
Volume227
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DEER
  • Distance measurements
  • Dual mode cavity
  • EPR
  • Gd spin labels
  • High field
  • Orientation selection

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