Voluntary actions modulate perception and neural representation of action-consequences in a hand-dependent manner

Batel Buaron, Daniel Reznik, Roee Gilron, Roy Mukamel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Evoked neural activity in sensory regions and perception of sensory stimuli are modulated when the stimuli are the consequence of voluntary movement, as opposed to an external source. It has been suggested that such modulations are due to motor commands that are sent to relevant sensory regions during voluntary movement. However, given the anatomical-functional laterality bias of the motor system, it is plausible that the pattern of such behavioral and neural modulations will also exhibit a similar bias, depending on the effector triggering the stimulus (e.g., right/left hand). Here, we examined this issue in the visual domain using behavioral and neural measures (fMRI). Healthy participants judged the relative brightness of identical visual stimuli that were either self-triggered (using right/left hand button presses), or triggered by the computer. Stimuli were presented either in the right or left visual field. Despite identical physical properties of the visual consequences, we found stronger perceptual modulations when the triggering hand was ipsi- (rather than contra-) lateral to the stimulated visual field. Additionally, fMRI responses in visual cortices differentiated between stimuli triggered by right/left hand. Our findings support a model in which voluntary actions induce sensory modulations that follow the anatomical-functional bias of the motor system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6097-6107
Number of pages11
JournalCerebral Cortex
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2020


  • Efference copy
  • FMRI
  • Sensory modulation
  • Voluntary actions


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