Vocational outcome of aphasic patients following severe traumatic brain injury

M. Gil, M. Cohen, C. Korn, Z. Groswasser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The incidence and course of aphasia, and its impact on vocational outcome, were determined in a group of 351 patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Aphasia was found in 11.1%, the common forms being amnestic (56%, 22/39), expressive (10.3%, 4/39) and receptive (10.5%, 8/39), as found on the first language assessment. No age difference was found between the aphasic and non-aphasic patients. Coma was more common in the aphasics than the non-aphasics (95% and 82%, respectively), although its mean duration was shorter. Aphasics had more severe locomotor deficits (p < 0.01, Fisher test) and tended towards more severe cognitive disorders (p = 0.07, Fisher test). There was no difference between the groups in incidence of behavioural disturbances or occupational outcome. Most of the aphasic patients improved after therapy, and two recovered completely. The presence of aphasia did not have negative prognostic implications for occupational outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-46
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Injury
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1996

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