Vitamin D metabolites or its less-calcemic analogs (JKF or QW) are beneficial for bone biology. We analyzed whether or not 25(OH)D3 (25), 1,25(OH)2D3 (1,25), JKF or QW regulate lipooxygenase (LO) enzymes expression and their products hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12 and 15 HETE) formation as well as reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in human bone cell lines (SaOS2 and hFOB) and primary cultured human bone cells (Obs) from males or females. All compounds except 25 increased LOs mRNA expression and HETE production in female or male Obs. ROS formation was induced by JKF and QW in both cell lines, and was inhibited by different inhibitors. Baicalein (baic) an inhibitor of 12 and 15 LO activity, inhibited partially ROS formation by JKF or QW in SaSO2 and hFOB. JKF-stimulated DNA synthesis in female Obs was inhibited by baic but unchanged by addition of HETE or HETE with baic. These results indicate that vitamin D increased oxidative stress in bone cells is in part via induction of LO expression and activity. This new feature of vitamin D is probably mediated by intracellular and/or membranal receptors and its potential hazard could lead to potential damage due to increased lipid oxidation.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|State||Published - Jul 2010|
- DNA synthesis
- Vitamin D analogs