## Abstract

Context: A visualization of three-dimensional incompressible flows by divergence-free quasi-two-dimensional projections of velocity field on three coordinate planes is proposed. Objective: To visualize 3D incompressible flow by 3 two-dimensional plots.Method: It is argued that such divergence-free projections satisfying all the velocity boundary conditions are unique for a given velocity field. It is shown that the projected fields and their vector potentials can be calculated using divergence-free Galerkin bases.Results: Using natural convection flow in a laterally heated cube as an example, it is shown that the projections proposed allow for a better understanding of similarities and differences of three-dimensional flows and their two-dimensional likenesses. An arbitrary choice of projection planes is further illustrated by a lid-driven flow in a cube, where the lid moves parallel either to a sidewall or a diagonal plane.Conclusion: A new method for visualization of 3D incompressible flows is developed and described.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 143-155 |

Number of pages | 13 |

Journal | Computers and Fluids |

Volume | 97 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 25 Jun 2014 |

## Keywords

- Flow visualization
- Galerkin method
- Incompressible flow
- Lid-driven cavity benchmark
- Natural convection benchmark