Visible light promotes interleukin-10 secretion by sublethal fluences

Osnat Feuerstein, Rawi Assad, Erez Koren, Isaac Ginsburg, Ervin I. Weiss, Yael Houri-Haddad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To determine the effect of blue light on cultured splenocyte viability and secretion of cytokines involved in the regulation of immune responses in the inflammatory process. Background data: Previous studies showed that red light has various effects on lymphocyte proliferation and production of cytokines. Materials and methods: Cultured mouse splenocytes were exposed to visible light (wavelengths, 450-490 nm) using 2-108 J/cm2, with and without scavengers of reactive oxygen species (ROS). One half of the samples were stimulated by the heat-killed periopathogenic bacterium Porphyromonas gingivalis. Following incubation for 48 h, the levels of the cytokines interleukin-10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), and interferon gamma (IFNγ) were analyzed, and the viability of the cells was tested using the XTT assay. The total oxidant-scavenging capacity of the nonexposed and exposed splenocytes to light was determined by a chemiluminescence assay, and the temperature of the cell culture medium was measured after light exposure. Results: Exposure to blue light at fluences of 27-108 J/cm2 caused a decrease in splenocyte viability. Lower fluences increased the secretion of cytokine IL-10, which was abolished by ROS scavengers. Exposure to light had no effect on the secretion of cytokines TNFα and IFNγ. Following exposure to light, more ROS were detected and the temperature measured did not exceed 30.7°C. Conclusions: Blue light had a stimulatory effect on cell secretion of IL-10, mediated by ROS. Therefore, an increase in IL-10 might be a potential method for modulating the inflammatory processes of local disorders, such as periodontitis and arthritis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-633
Number of pages7
JournalPhotomedicine and Laser Surgery
Volume29
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes

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