Virtual Orthopedic-Rehabilitation-Metabolic Collaboration for Treating Osteoporotic HIP Fractures

Osnat ll Te Lebanon, Doron Netzer, Eyal Yaacobi, Yitshal Berner, Devorah Spiegel, Rakefet Bacharach, Dan Nabriski, Meir Nyska, Yaron Brin, Pnina Rotman-Pikielny*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a virtual, closed-loop protocol that treated hip fracture patients without formal clinic visits. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, an intervention group of 85 hip fracture patients (33.6%) with vitamin D levels ≥65 nmol/L who received recommendations for osteoporosis treatment, was compared to a nonintervention group of 168 (66.4%), with vitamin D <65 nmol/L. Treatment included vitamin D loading in orthopedic and rehabilitation departments for patients from both groups, and virtual, osteoporosis treatment recommendations by Metabolic Clinic physicians to patients from the intervention group upon achieving a vitamin D level ≥65 nmol/L. Recommendations were given without requiring clinic visits. Osteoporosis drug recommendations were relayed to primary care physicians. The primary endpoint was patients receiving osteoporosis drugs within 12-months post-surgery. Secondary endpoints were patients issued drugs within 3- and 6-months post-surgery, and 1-year post-fracture mortality rates. Results: Among 253 hip fracture patients (81.3 ± 10.7 years-of-age, 68.8% women), the postintervention osteoporosis medication issue rate was higher than in the nonintervention group (48.2% versus 22.0%, respectively; P<.001). More intervention group patients received drugs 3 months (18.8% versus 2.9%; P<.001) and 6 months after surgery (40% versus 5.9%; P<.001). One-year mortality was lower among patients who received any osteoporosis medications (either through our intervention or from community physicians) than among untreated patients (5.1% versus 26.3%; P<.001). Conclusion: Virtual orthopedic-rehabilitation-metabolic collaboration increased osteoporosis treatment rates post-hip fracture. Yet, treatment rates remained <50%. Additional research is required to increase treatment rates further, such as providing drug therapy shortly after surgery, perhaps during rehabilitation, or lowering the vita-min D threshold.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-339
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrine Practice
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

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