Video capsule endoscopy is safe and effective in suspected small bowel bleeding among left ventricular assist device recipients

David Itskoviz, Ben Ben Avraham, Hagar Banai, Irit Avni, Tuvia Ben Gal, Iris Dotan, Eyal Gal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Suspected small bowel bleeding is frequently encountered in left ventricular assist device recipients and the identification of the culprit lesion may be challenging. Data regarding the safety and yield of small bowel capsule in the investigation of suspected small bowel bleeding are limited. We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of small bowel video capsule endoscopy for the investigation of suspected small bowel bleeding among left ventricular assist device recipients. Methods: Patients with left ventricular assist device who underwent video capsule endoscopy for the investigation of suspected small bowel bleeding were identified. Suspected small bowel bleeding was defined as the presence of overt bleeding at least 30 days following left ventricular assist device implantation with no identifiable cause in upper and lower endoscopy. Results: A total of 10 patients with left ventricular assist device associated suspected small bowel bleeding performed 12 small bowel capsule endoscopies between January 2008 and December 2015 at our tertiary medical care facility. There were no cases of capsule retention or any other serious adverse events during the exams. A significant finding was identified in 8 out of 10 patients, including 3 cases of small bowel angioectasia, 2 cases of small bowel ulcers, 1 case of cecal polyp, and 2 cases of active bleeding with no apparent bleeding source. Small bowel enteroscopy identified and treated bleeding angioectasia in the latter two cases. Conclusion: Small bowel capsule endoscopy is safe and effective in the investigation of left ventricular assist device associated suspected small bowel bleeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)833-837
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Volume41
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Left ventricular assist device
  • gastrointestinal bleeding
  • video capsule endoscopy

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