Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials and motion sickness medications

Dror Tal*, Shir Shemy, Gil Kaminski-Graif, Guy Wiener, Dov Hershkovitz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Seasickness is a widespread problem among naval crew, and has a major impact on their performance at sea. The three pharmacological agents most commonly employed in the treatment of seasickness are dimenhydrinate, cinnarizine, and scopolamine. At present, the effectiveness of anti-seasickness drugs is tested by a process of "trial and error", while sailing and exposed to sea conditions. A physiological test to evaluate the action of a drug might save crew members long periods of suffering, as well as simplifying the procedure of selecting the appropriate treatment for each individual. The cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMP) test has come to be recognized as a reliable procedure for the objective evaluation of saccular function. It was the hypothesis of the present study that cVEMP otolith responses may be affected by anti-motion sickness drugs, which might thus make cVEMP a useful clinical neurophysiological tool for the assessment of drug absorption and efficacy. Methods: Thirty male sailors who regularly took medication for the treatment of seasickness participated in the study. Participants underwent the cVEMP test pre- and 1 h post-drug administration. Results: A statistically significant decrease in p13 latency was found after administration of scopolamine compared with baseline (14.46 ms vs. 15.09 ms, p = 0.0049), with significant prolongation of the binaural average inter-latency in this group. No differences were found in the dimenhydrinate and cinnarizine study groups. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that scopolamine absorption can be verified by changes in cVEMP latencies. Significance: The potential of the cVEMP test for predicting action of scopolamine on the vestibular system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2350-2354
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume127
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes

Funding

FundersFunder number
Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps

    Keywords

    • Cinnarizine
    • Dimenhydrinate
    • Motion sickness
    • Scopolamine
    • Seasickness
    • Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials and motion sickness medications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this