Vertebroplasty presents a new method for fortification of structural impaired or partially collapsed vertebrae due to various pathological disorders. According to the original method published 15 years ago, acrylic bone cement is injected percutaneously into the vertebral body under local anesthesia and fluoroscopic guidance. Indications include osteoporotic fractures, benign tumors as vertebral hemangiomas or metastatic tumors affecting the spine. Reported results are good and complications are uncommon. This article reviews the new method for restoration of the collapsed vertebra and new cement materials with osteoconductive properties.
|Published - Sep 2002