Ventricular arrhythmias in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Prevalence, distribution, predictors, and outcome

Amitai Segev, Yishay Wasserstrum, Michael Arad, Jose M. Larrañaga-Moreira, Cristina Martinez-Veira, Roberto Barriales-Villa, Avi Sabbag*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) carries an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. Ventricular fibrillation (VF) is thought to be the common culprit arrhythmia. Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe the incidence and predictors of sustained ventricular arrhythmias (VTAs) in HCM patients. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed all patients with HCM and an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) from a prospectively derived registry in 2 tertiary medical centers. Clinical, electrocardiographic, echocardiographic, ICD interrogation, and genetic data were collected and compared, first between patients with and without VTAs and then between patients with only VF and those with ventricular tachycardia (VT) with or without VF. Results: Of the 1328 HCM patients, 207 (145 [70%] male; mean age 33 ± 16 years) were implanted with ICDs. Over a mean follow-up of 10 ± 6 years, 37 patients with ICDs (18%) developed sustained VTAs. These were associated with a family history of sudden cardiac death and a personal history of VTAs (P =.036 and P =.001, respectively). Sustained monomorphic VT was the most common arrhythmia (n = 26, 70%) and was linked to decreased left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction and increased LV end-systolic and end-diastolic diameters. Antitachycardia pacing (ATP) successfully terminated 258 (79%) of the 326 VT events. Mortality rates were comparable between patients with and without VTAs (4 [11%] vs 29 [17%]; P =.42) and between those with and without ICDs (24 [16%] vs 85 [20%]; P =.367). Conclusion: VT rather than VF is the most common arrhythmia in patients with HCM; it is amenable to ATP and is associated with lower LV ejection fraction and higher LV diameters. Therefore, ATP-capable devices may be considered in HCM patients with these LV features.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1385-1392
Number of pages8
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • ATP
  • HCM
  • ICD
  • S-ICD
  • Ventricular arrhythmia

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