Venous thromboembolism events among RA patients

Ribhi Mansour, Shir Azrielant, Abdulla Watad, Shmuel Tiosano, Yarden Yavne, Doron Comaneshter, Arnon D. Cohen, Howard Amital*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with an increased risk for venous thromboembolism. However, so far, relatively few and small size-based studies have been conducted. We aimed to investigate the link between RA and venous thromboembolism utilizing a large sample of subjects originating from a large data base. Materials and methods: The study was performed utilizing the medical database of Clalit Health Services, the largest healthcare provider in Israel. We enrolled all patients with RA and age- and gender-matched controls. Chi-square and t-tests were used for univariate analysis and a logistic regression model was used for a multivariate analysis. RA patients were compared to controls regarding the proportion of venous thromboembolic events (defined as deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism or both). Multivariate logistic regression was employed to assess factors associated with thromboembolic events. Results: The study included 11,782 patients with RA and 57,973 age- and gender-matched controls. RA patients had a higher rate of venous thromboembolism events compared with controls (6.92% vs. 3.18%, respectively, p < 0.001). RA and mean C-reactive protein levels were found to be independently associated with the proportion of thromboembolic events (OR 2.27 for RA and 1.07 for each 1 mg/dL increment of mean C-reactive protein, respectively). Conclusion: RA and C-reactive protein levels are independently associated with venous thromboembolic events. Physicians should be aware of such findings and have a lower threshold for suspecting detecting such events in patients with RA, mainly those with mean high levels of C-reactive protein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-43
Number of pages6
JournalMediterranean Journal of Rheumatology
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Autoimmune diseases
  • C-reactive protein
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Thrombosis
  • Venous thromboembolism

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