Value Profiles During Middle Childhood: Developmental Processes and Social Behavior

Ella Daniel*, Maya Benish-Weisman, Joanne N. Sneddon, Julie A. Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Little is known about how children's value priorities develop over time. This study identifies children's value priority profiles and follows their development during middle childhood. Australian children (N = 609; ages 5–12 at Time 1) reported their values over 2 years. Latent Transition Analysis indicated four profiles: Social-Focus, Self-Focus, Growth-Focus and Undifferentiated. Within person development was characterized by profile stability or transfer to the Social-Focus profile. Younger children were more likely to have an Undifferentiated profile (or Self-Focus among boys) than older ones. Girls were more likely to have a Social-Focus profile or transfer to it, and less likely to have a Self- or Growth-Focus profile than boys. Social-Focus profile membership over time predicted more prosocial and less aggressive behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1615-1630
Number of pages16
JournalChild Development
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2020


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