Validation of the psoriasis epidemiology screening tool (PEST) and the new early arthritis for psoriatic patients (EARP) in pediatric population: pilot study

Hadar Gavra, Irit Tirosh, Shiri Spielman, Shoshana Greenberger, Gil Amarylio, Liora Harel, Dan Ben-Amitai, Emily Avitan-Hersh, Butbul Aviel Yonatan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Juvenile psoriatic arthritis (JPsA) is a severe inflammatory arthritis, which is associated with psoriasis in most cases. While there are few validated screening tools for diagnosis of arthritis for adult patients with psoriasis, those screening tools were never evaluated in children. The aims of this study were to evaluate two screening tools among pediatric patients with psoriasis. Methods: Thirty-nine patients with the diagnosis of psoriasis completed two screening questionnaires: The Psoriasis Epidemiology Screening Tool (PEST) questionnaire and the new Early Arthritis for Psoriatic Patients (EARP) questionnaire. All patients were evaluated by a rheumatologist for the diagnosis of JPsA, and the accuracy of the two questionnaires was compared. Results: The 4/39 (10.1%) patients diagnosed with JPsA had a PEST questionnaire score of ≥ 3, compared to a median PEST score of the patients without the diagnosis of JPsA of 0 (0–2). Thus, both the sensitivity and specificity of the PEST in diagnosing JPsA were 100%. For the EARP questionnaire, 8/39 patients had a screening questionnaire score of ≥ 3, suggestive of JPsA, four were true positive, and four false positive. Thus, the sensitivity and specificity of EARP in diagnosing JPsA were 100% and 89%, respectively. Conclusion: Both the PEST and EARP questionnaires were easy to use and had high sensitivity for the diagnosis of JPsA in the pediatric population with psoriasis. The PEST questionnaire had a higher specificity than the EARP. Key Points: • EARP and PEST are good screening tools for diagnosis of arthritis in pediatric population with psoriasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1125-1130
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Rheumatology
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Arthritis
  • EARP
  • Juvenile
  • PEST
  • Pediatric
  • Psoriasis
  • Screening

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