Validation of Teachers’ Competencies for Applying Robotics in Science Education

Doaa Saad*, Igor Verner, Rinat B. Rosenberg-Kima

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


This research aims to identify the required competencies needed to integrate robotics activities into science education, particularly due to the lack of comprehensive models that address the necessary competencies for teachers to effectively teach science with robotics. A list of competencies needed by middle school teachers to integrate robotics activities into science classrooms was developed in the following steps. First, an initial list of competencies was developed based on a literature review in the field of robotics education that focused on various aspects of the TPACK model and open observations during a teachers’ development program. Second, experts and experienced robotics teachers were interviewed regarded the competencies needed to develop and implement robotics activities suitable for science education, which resulted in an updated list of competencies and adding additional competencies in the context of 21st-century skills. Third, Fifty-five teachers rated the items on a scale from 1-not necessary to 5-very necessary. Factor analysis was performed and the items were examined concerning the rating they received. Understanding how robotics can be coordinated with pedagogy and scientific knowledge for effective teaching, the present study adapted a TPACK instrument for use of robotics to teach classroom science and reformulated it with 21st-century skills.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRobotics in Education - Proceedings of the RiE 2023 Conference
EditorsRichard Balogh, David Obdržálek, Eftychios Christoforou
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9783031384530
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes
Event14th International Conference on Robotics in Education, RiE 2023 - Limassol, Cyprus
Duration: 19 Apr 202321 Apr 2023

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Networks and Systems
Volume747 LNNS
ISSN (Print)2367-3370
ISSN (Electronic)2367-3389


Conference14th International Conference on Robotics in Education, RiE 2023


  • 21st-century skills
  • Competencies
  • Educational robotics
  • Science-education
  • TPACK model


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