Validation of central serous chorioretinopathy multimodal imaging-based classification system

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy International Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Purpose: Validation of a recently described central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) classification system and assessment of levels of agreement among 10 retina physicians. Methods: This was a cross-sectional (inter-reader agreement) study. Ten retina physicians (assigned a role of masked grader) were provided with a comprehensive dataset of 61 eyes of 34 patients of presumed CSCR. Relevant clinical details and multimodal imaging (fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography, optical coherence tomography) of both involved and fellow eye were electronically shared. Later, only the fellow eye images were resent to understand the influence of affected eye on the grading of the fellow eye. Multiple inter-grader agreement using Fleiss Kappa was performed to determine the level of agreement among the 10 graders. p value of ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Sixty-one eyes of 34 patients were evaluated. There was moderate agreement for major criteria with Fleiss Kappa value of 0.50 (p < 0.0001) with a single outlier observer. After excluding that observer, the Fleiss Kappa value increased to 0.57 (p < 0.0001) with statistically significant p values among all categories, i.e., simple CSC (κ = 0.575), complex CSC (κ = 0.621), and no CSC (κ = 0.452). Overall, moderate to substantial agreement was noted among the subtypes (primary, recurrent, and resolved). The influence of the affected eye on fellow eye grading was studied. The global Fleiss Kappa coefficient (κ = 0.642, p < 0.0001) showed substantial agreement when observers were aware of the affected eye grading. However, without prior available information on the affected eye, the inter-grader agreement was significantly lower (global κ = 0.255, p < 0.0001). Conclusion: A fair-moderate inter-grader agreement among the masked graders suggests a need for further refinement of this novel classification system. Disease grading should include both eyes as lack of information on affected eye has a bearing on fellow eye grading and inter-grader agreement as shown by a significant difference in global κ values. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1161-1169
Number of pages9
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2022


  • Central serous chorioretinopathy
  • Fleiss Kappa coefficient
  • Fluorescein angiography
  • Indocyanine green angiography
  • Inter-rater agreement
  • Multimodal imaging
  • Optical coherence tomography


Dive into the research topics of 'Validation of central serous chorioretinopathy multimodal imaging-based classification system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this