Validation of an automatic tagging system for identifying respiratory and hemodynamic deterioration events in the intensive care unit

Danielle Jeddah, Ofer Chen, Ari M. Lipsky, Andrea Forgacs, Gershon Celniker, Craig M. Lilly, Itai M. Pessach*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Predictive models for critical events in the intensive care unit (ICU) might help providers anticipate patient de-terioration. At the heart of predictive model development lies the ability to accurately label significant events, thereby facili-tating the use of machine learning and similar strategies. We conducted this study to establish the validity of an automated system for tagging respiratory and hemodynamic deterioration by comparing automatic tags to tagging by expert reviewers. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 72,650 unique patient stays collected from Electronic Medical Records of the University of Massachusetts’ eICU. An enriched subgroup of stays was manually tagged by expert reviewers. The tags generated by the reviewers were compared to those generated by an automated system. Results: The automated system was able to rapidly and efficiently tag the complete database utilizing available clinical data. The overall agreement rate between the automated system and the clinicians for respiratory and hemodynamic deterioration tags was 89.4% and 87.1%, respec-tively. The automatic system did not add substantial variability beyond that seen among the reviewers. Conclusions: We dem-onstrated that a simple rule-based tagging system could provide a rapid and accurate tool for mass tagging of a compound database. These types of tagging systems may replace human reviewers and save considerable resources when trying to create a validated, labeled database used to train artificial intelligence algorithms. The ability to harness the power of artificial intelligence depends on efficient clinical validation of targeted conditions; hence, these systems and the methodology used to validate them are crucial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-248
Number of pages8
JournalHealthcare Informatics Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2021


  • Artificial intelligence
  • Big data
  • Clinical deterioration
  • Critical care
  • Respiratory insufficiency


Dive into the research topics of 'Validation of an automatic tagging system for identifying respiratory and hemodynamic deterioration events in the intensive care unit'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this