Vaccine‐associated contact paralytic poliomyelitis with atypical neurological presentation

A. Arlazoroff, Z. Bleicher, C. Klein, E. Vure, E. Lahat, B. Gross, R. Handsher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Abstract Paralytic poliomyelitis presenting with quadriparesis, transient encephalitis and bulbar symptoms in 2 patients in close contact with recently vaccinated childred with trivalent live oral polio vaccine is described. Symmetrical lower motor neuron involvement of deltoid muscles with electromyographic confirmation was found. Upper motor neuron signs, with symmetrical hyperactive deep tendon reflexes developed in the lower extremities. Poliovirus Type‐2 vaccine‐like strain was cultured from one patient and both patients showed significant antibody tilers rises to poliovirus. Attention is drawn to the possible clinical differences between vaccine associated poliomelitis and the usual features found in wild strain poliomyelitis. It is suggested that in selected cases, non‐immunized contacts be given inactivated polio‐vaccine when the vaccinees are immunized with the live oralvaccine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-214
Number of pages5
JournalActa Neurologica Scandinavica
Volume76
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1987

Keywords

  • oral
  • poliomyelitis
  • poliovirus vaccine
  • vaccine‐associated

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