Utilizing multiplexing of structured THz beams carrying orbital-angular-momentum for high-capacity communications

Huibin Zhou*, Xinzhou Su, Amir Minoofar, Runzhou Zhang, Kaiheng Zou, Hao Song, Kai Pang, Haoqian Song, Nanzhe Hu, Zhe Zhao, Ahmed Almaiman, Shlomo Zach, Moshe Tur, Andreas F. Molisch, Hirofumi Sasaki, Doohwan Lee, Alan E. Willner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Structured electromagnetic (EM) waves have been explored in various frequency regimes to enhance the capacity of communication systems by multiplexing multiple co-propagating beams with mutually orthogonal spatial modal structures (i.e., mode-division multiplexing). Such structured EM waves include beams carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM). An area of increased recent interest is the use of terahertz (THz) beams for free-space communications, which tends to have: (a) larger bandwidth and lower beam divergence than millimeter-waves, and (b) lower interaction with matter conditions than optical waves. Here, we explore the multiplexing of THz OAM beams for high-capacity communications. Specifically, we experimentally demonstrate communication systems with two multiplexed THz OAM beams at a carrier frequency of 0.3 THz. We achieve a 60-Gbit/s quadrature-phase-shift-keying (QPSK) and a 24-Gbit/s 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) data transmission with bit-error rates below 3.8 × 10-3. In addition, to show the compatibility of different multiplexing approaches (e.g., polarization-, frequency-, and mode-division multiplexing), we demonstrate an 80-Gbit/s QPSK THz communication link by multiplexing 8 data channels at 2 polarizations, 2 frequencies, and 2 OAM modes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25418-25432
Number of pages15
JournalOptics Express
Issue number14
StatePublished - 4 Jul 2022


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