Uterine cervical non-gonococcal and non-chlamydial bacterial flora and its antibiotic sensitivity in women with pelvic inflammatory disease: Did it vary over 20 years?

Samuel Lurie, Halla Asaala, Orna Schwartz Harari, Abraham Golan, Oscar Sadan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Although the presence of bacteria in the cervix is not a sign of disease, the majority of pathogens involved in pelvic inflammatory disease originate from this "normal" flora. Objectives: To assess the distribution of cervical nongonococcal and non-chlamydial bacteria in hospitalized women with PID and the bacteria's antibiotic sensitivity. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the cultures obtained from the uterine cervix over a 1 year period (2008) at Wolfson Medical Center, Holon. The distribution of cervical nongonococcal and non-chlamydial bacteria in women with PID and the bacteria's antibiotic sensitivity was compared to that in our previous 1 year study that was performed at Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot (1988-89). Results: In 2008, a total of 412 cultures were obtained of which 126 (30.5%) were sterile. The prevalence of negative cultures was similar in 2008 and in 1988, namely, 30.5% and 33.7%, respectively (P = 0.23). PID was finally diagnosed in 116 patients with positive cultures. The most prevalent bacteria in the 2008 study were Enterococcus species and Escherichia coli - 24.0 % and 26.4% respectively compared to 18.0% and 38.1% in the 1988 study, with the decrease in E. coli isolates being significant (P = 0.0003). In 2008 the antimicrobial sensitivity for various antibiotics ranged from 44.3% to 100.0% (median 90.2%) while in 1988 it ranged from 2.9% to 80.1% (median 51.9%). Conclusions: The cervical bacterial flora in hospitalized women with PID did not vary significantly between 1988 and 2008. However, antimicrobial sensitivity of the isolated bacteria increased dramatically, probably due to a decrease in resistance to antibiotics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)747-750
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume12
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2010

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial sensitivity
  • Bacterial flora
  • Cultures
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Uterine cervix

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