Approaching a two-component tip made of a superconductor (S) and a ferromagnet (F) from a magnetic sample allows for two distinct tunneling processes between the ferromagnets, through S: (i) Charge and spin are conserved; (ii) Charge and spin are reversed, e.g. a Cooper pair flows from S, one electron going into F, the other into the sample. At subgap voltages, this allows two currents to flow from the tip: one is insensitive to the spin polarizations and allows for surface topography, the other directly tracks the relative spin polarizations of F and the sample. The whole device acts as a STM sensitive to the spin polarization at the Fermi level (MSTM). Its sensitivity is studied and optimized with respect to the tip geometry.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures|
|State||Published - Oct 2002|
- Point contacts, SN and SNS junction
- Scanning tunneling microscopy
- Spin polarized transport