Usefulness of Immediate Postexercise Two-Dimensional Echocardiography in Post-Myocardial Infarction Patients Without Ischemic ECG Changes in Stress Testing: Comparison with Radionuclide Angiography

Enrique Z. Fisman, Efraim Ben-Ari, Gerald Kessler, Yaacov Drory, Jan J. Kellermann, Michaela Modan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Of 38 post-myocardial infarction (MI) applicants for a cardiac rehabilitation program, 17 (45%) did not have ischemic ECG changes in exercise testing. Ten (59%) of these 17 patients had echocardiographic wall motion abnormalities at rest. Immediate postexercise two-dimensional echocardiography demonstrated exercise-induced changes in 8 (47%) patients (2 with normal and 6 with abnor mal results from rest studies). The comparative radionuclide (RNA) examina tions showed that there were 6 patients with abnormal findings from rest RNA; exercise-induced changes were detected in 7 (44%) of 16 patients (3 with normal and 4 with abnormal results from rest RNA tests). Statistical analyses, using RNA as reference point, revealed that the total correctly diagnosed cases for the echocardiographic rest studies was 13/17 (77%) and for the exercise studies, 13/16 (81%). The negative predictive values were 7/7 (100%) and 7/8 (88%), respectively. The corresponding positive predictive values were 6/10 (60%) and 6/8 (75%). The same pattern was observed when each segment (septal, apical, and posterolateral) was evaluated separately. The authors conclude that in post- MI patients with a negative stress test, the efficacy of postexercise echocardiog raphy equals that of RNA in the identification of additional patients with ische mia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)605-612
Number of pages8
JournalAngiology
Volume40
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1989

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