Usefulness of Coronary Artery Calcium Score to Rule Out Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease Before Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation

Sharon Shalom Natanzon, Alexander Fardman, Israel Mazin, Israel Barbash, Amit Segev, Eli Konen, Orly Goitein, Victor Guetta, Ehud Raanani, Elad Maor, Yafim Brodov*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Pretranscatheter aortic valve implantation (pre-TAVI) coronary evaluation using computed tomography coronary angiography (CTA) remains suboptimal. We aimed to evaluate whether coronary artery calcium score (CAC) may rule out obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) pre-TAVI. TAVI candidates (n = 230; mean age 80 ± 8 years), 49% men, underwent preprocedural CTA and invasive coronary angiography. Obstructive CAD was defined as luminal diameter stenosis of ≥50% of left main or 3 major vessels ≥70%. Vessels with coronary stents or bypass were excluded. CAC score was calculated using the Agatston method. Receiver operating characteristic was applied to establish the CAC threshold for obstructive CAD. Multivariable analysis with adjustment for clinical covariates was applied. Net reclassification for nonobstructive disease using CAC score was calculated among nondiagnostic CT scans. Median CAC score was 1,176 (interquartile range 613 to 1,967). Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed high negative predictive value (NPV) for obstructive CAD as follows: left main CAC score 252, NPV 99%; left anterior descending CAC score 250, NPV 97%; left circumflex CAC score 297, NPV 92%; and right coronary artery CAC score 250, NPV 91%. Multivariate analysis showed the highest tertile of CAC score (≥1,670) to be an independent predictor of obstructive CAD (odds ratio 10.7, 95% confidence interval 4.6 to 25, p <0.001). Among nondiagnostic CTA, net reclassification showed reclassification of 76%, 13%, 45%, and 34% of left main, left anterior descending, left circumflex, and right coronary artery for nonobstructive CAD, respectively. In conclusion, CAC score cutoffs can be used to predict nonobstructive CAD. Implementing CAC score on pre-TAVI imaging can reduce a significant proportion of invasive coronary angiography.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-77
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2022


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