ABSTRACT: Brain natriuretic peptide is an established, surrogate follow-up marker, strongly correlated with heart failure severity. Several other biomarkers and tests are useful for assessing the prognosis of patients with HF, such as oxidized low-density lipoprotein antibodies and C-reactive protein. Some inflammatory cells, including monocytes, lymphocytes, and neutrophils, are involved in coronary heart disease and may be useful for prognosis also. This study assessed the potential usefulness of various laboratory biomarkers in predicting long-term outcomes and hospitalization among a cohort of outpatients with chronic, advanced HF.This retrospective, 18-year follow-up study included all patients admitted to the Heart Failure Outpatient Unit in our tertiary care medical center from 2000 through 2001 due to chronic HF. Excluded were patients with malignant disease, severe stroke, active inflammatory disease, or infection. At the first visit, blood was sampled for routine analysis and biomarkers NT-proBNP, C-reactive protein, myeloperoxidase, heat shock protein, and antibodies to oxidized low density lipoprotein. left ventricular ejection fraction and New York Heart Association class class were also established. Patients were followed every 3 months. Study endpoints were mortality or first hospitalization.Among 305 study patients, HF duration ranged from 2 months to 18 years. Mean follow-up was 9.1 ± 6 years. Mean time to first hospitalization was 60 ± 58.1 months, median = 38 (range 0-179). Mortality rate was 41%. Regression analysis showed New York Heart Association class, lymphocyte count and alkaline phosphatase were independent predictors of survival, with hazard ratios of 1.0, 0.973, and 1.006, respectively (P < .05).N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, alkaline phosphatase, and lymphocyte count are important prognostic predictors for very long-term follow-up among patients with chronic HF.