Use of Intraoperative Neuronavigation to Identify Transdural Collaterals in Moyamoya Vasculopathy: A Simple Way to Make It Safer

Matias L. Costa, Danil A. Kozyrev, Harishchandra Lalgudi Srinivasan, Moran Hausman-Kedem, Tali Jonas Kimchi, Jonathan Roth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Transdural collaterals (TC) from the external carotid artery must be preserved when operating on patients with moyamoya vasculopathy. Several techniques have been used to identify the superficial temporal artery (STA) and middle meningeal artery (MMA) during surgery and prevent their damage. However, the use of neuronavigation for this specific purpose has never been described in the literature. We describe an operative case in which neuronavigation was used to preserve the TC (originating from the MMA), detailing our technique step by step and reviewing alternative methods previously reported. Case Presentation: A 6-year-old girl with moyamoya disease, who had developed marked bilateral TC from the MMA sparing the middle cerebral artery territory, underwent staged bilateral indirect revascularization surgery. Intraoperative neuronavigation was used to identify the STA and MMA with their main branches during skin incision, craniotomy, and dural opening. The neuronavigation matched the intraoperative findings exactly, and the target structures remained undamaged. The patient was discharged home after both surgeries with no neurological deficits. One year following surgery, the patient has excellent collateralization from both STAs and is asymptomatic and neurologically intact. Conclusion: With the use of intraoperative neuronavigation, the STA, MMA, and their main branches, as well as their relationship to the bone, can be identified and preserved. This approach can help in preventing undesirable injury to TC during surgery and may potentially prevent perioperative stroke in patients with moyamoya vasculopathy undergoing revascularization surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-294
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Neurosurgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Cerebrovascular disorder
  • Moyamoya vasculopathy
  • Neuronavigation
  • Revascularization
  • Transdural collaterals


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